What Is The Difference Between Coma And Vegetative State?

Is a coma a vegetative state?

The vegetative state is a chronic or long-term condition.

This condition differs from a coma: a coma is a state that lacks both awareness and wakefulness.

Patients in a vegetative state may have awoken from a coma, but still have not regained awareness..

What is the difference between brain dead and vegetative state?

The difference between brain death and a vegetative state, which can happen after extensive brain damage, is that it’s possible to recover from a vegetative state, but brain death is permanent. Someone in a vegetative state still has a functioning brain stem, which means: some form of consciousness may exist.

Why is it called a vegetative state?

The name vegetative state was chosen to refer to the preserved vegetative nervous functioning, meaning these patients have (variably) preserved sleep-wake cycles, respiration, digestion or thermoregulation. The term persistent was added to denote that the condition remained for at least one month after insult.

Can someone in a vegetative state wake up?

A person in a vegetative state may open their eyes, wake up and fall asleep at regular intervals and have basic reflexes, such as blinking when they’re startled by a loud noise, or withdrawing their hand when it’s squeezed hard. They’re also able to regulate their heartbeat and breathing without assistance.

Can you pull the plug on someone in a vegetative state?

This means the patient would be unable to cough or swallow or breathe on her own, whereas a patient in a vegetative state may be able to do one or all of those three things, DiGeorgia said. … “Pulling the plug” would render the patient unable to breathe, and the heart would stop beating within minutes, he said.

Can someone in a vegetative state feel pain?

IT IS a nightmare situation. A person diagnosed as being in a vegetative state has an operation without anaesthetic because they cannot feel pain.

What is considered a vegetative state?

A vegetative state is when a person is awake but is showing no signs of awareness. A person in a vegetative state may: open their eyes. wake up and fall asleep at regular intervals.

How long can a person stay in a vegetative state?

Most people who remain in a vegetative state die within 6 months of the original brain damage. Most of the others live about 2 to 5 years. The cause of death is often a respiratory or urinary tract infection or severe malfunction (failure) of several organs. But death may occur suddenly, and the cause may be unknown.

Can someone in a vegetative state hear you?

Other studies have shown that up to 20 percent of patients in various vegetative states can hear and respond on at least some level. But at least some of the responses seen could be dismissed as simple reflexes, or at best akin to someone in a dream state responding to stimuli.

Can the brain heal after lack of oxygen?

A full recovery from severe anoxic or hypoxic brain injury is rare, but many patients with mild anoxic or hypoxic brain injuries are capable of making a full or partial recovery. Furthermore, symptoms and effects of the injury are dependent on the area(s) of the brain that was affected by the lack of oxygen.

What are the chances of coming out of a vegetative state?

About 50% of persons who are in a vegetative state one month after traumatic brain injury eventually recover consciousness. They are likely to have a slow course of recovery and usually have some ongoing cognitive and physical impairments and disabilities.

Is coma worse than vegetative state?

Coma rarely lasts more than a month and usually ends sooner. Coma may worsen to become a persistent vegetative state.

What is the longest someone has been in a vegetative state?

Elaine Esposito (December 3, 1934 – November 25, 1978) held the record for the longest period of time in a coma according to Guinness World Records, having lost consciousness in 1941 and eventually dying in that condition more than 37 years later.

Can a person in a coma cry?

A comatose patient may open his eyes, move and even cry while still remaining unconscious. His brain-stem reflexes are attached to a nonfunctioning cortex. Reflex without reflection. Many professionals speak of this condition as a ”persistent vegetative state.